Mr. Maduro was born in Caracas, Venezuela. According to the BBC, his father was a national police officer who eventually became a member of the ruling United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) before supporting Chávez.
Mr. Maduro served as Chávez’s foreign minister before being made vice president. He later became acting president after Chávez’s death in 2013.
Mr. Maduro was re-elected in an election that was considered illegitimate by many and criticized by many key members of the international community. Venezuelan opposition candidates, including Henrique Capriles, who had just won the country’s presidential primaries, refused to take part in the election.
Mr. Maduro is also known for his harsh rhetorical attacks. In 2009, a man was killed in the anti-Maduro demonstration, one of many deaths in the years-long opposition protests. In July of 2017, Mr. Maduro reported receiving 16,000 death threats online and on his phones, according to Caracas News.
According to NMP, Mr. Maduro once lashed out at local merchants for not making enough items available in their stores: “You should be ashamed of yourself, you’re suffering from the socialist disease,” he said.
President Trump has threatened military action in the region to oust Mr. Maduro and stop the military’s backing of the administration, sparking an intense debate about the potential of using military force to end the crisis in Venezuela. Since Mr. Trump’s January comments, Maduro’s regime has been busy trying to buy up more US oil and deny the risk of conflict in the region.
President Trump, a supporter of Mr. Maduro, says there’s been a weakening economy and low-quality infrastructure in Venezuela in the two decades since the country transitioned to socialism. Additionally, the Organization of American States says Venezuela has been weakened by mismanagement and political corruption, as Mr. Maduro’s government has failed to adequately restructure its debt.
In August, dozens of countries around the world, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, and most of the EU, had diplomatic delegations visiting the country in order to show opposition to Mr. Maduro’s regime.